The internationally accepted definition (FAO 2018) defines Agroecology as “a scientific discipline, a set of practices and a social movement. As a science, it studies how different components of the agroecosystem interact. As a set of practices, it seeks sustainable farming systems that optimize and stabilize yields. As a social movement, it pursues multifunctional roles for agriculture, promotes social justice, nurtures identity and culture, and strengthens the economic viability of rural areas.”
Agroecology is an integrative approach that simultaneously applies ecological and social concepts and principles to the design and management of food and agricultural systems.